The Facts – Problems and Disadvantages of Hybrid Cars

Pros and Cons of Hybrid Cars

Get ready for some sticker shock .

One common complaint about hybrid cars is their initial price. According to Cars.com, the Manufacturer Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) for new model year hybrids ranges from $ 21,100 (Toyota Prius) to $ 104,000 (Lexus LS 600h). Adding all the hybrid technology to a vehicle is expensive, and some of that extra cost is passed on to consumers. As an example, the new Toyota Camry is available in several trim levels ranging from about $ 20,000 for the LE version to more than $ 25,000 for the hybrid Camry. The Honda Civic starts at $ 15,000 (DX) while the hybrid version will set you back at least $ 22,600.

So, yes, if you are low on cash right now, the extra cost of going green could be the deal breaker. At the same time, it is important to consider the long-term savings associated with a hybrid when making a buying decision. While the gas-only Camry is getting around 21 miles per gallon in the city, the hybrid version gets about 33 MPG. That could mean that shelling out the extra $ 5,000 now could save you a bundle in fuel costs over the long-run. Resale value is also better for the hybrid model.

Burning through batteries

Another disadvantage of buying a hybrid is potential problems that could occur with their expensive batteries. Because hybrid technology relies heavily on the electric battery inside the car, buyers are often concerned that these types of batteries will need to be replaced more often than would a standard, 12 volt battery.

Fortunately, the nickel metal hydride batteries in hybrid cars charge themselves when the car is not using the electric power supplied by them. By avoiding draining the batteries, studies have shown that these batteries typically last just as long as those of a standard vehicle. Hybrid vehicle manufacturers also include warranties to cover these batteries for 80,000-100,000 miles. You can learn more about the warranties on different hybrid models here.

Is my footprint truly green?

Hybrid vehicle technology is complex and therefore it requires many resources devoted to its production. This means that the factories producing hybrid cars are potentially creating just as much, if not more pollution than factories that build non-hybrid vehicles.

On the other hand, the impact of those hybrids once they are on the road is much less than that of standard vehicles, thereby decreasing their overall negative environmental impact. So, while buying and driving a hybrid does not free you from pollution and CO2 emissions, it does less the negative effects.

Am I safe in a hybrid car?

Two features that allow a hybrid to be so fuel-efficient, the electric technology and lighter weight of the vehicle, are cause for concern for some potential buyers. For example, the high voltage required by a hybrid car's battery could prove dangerous in a collision if wires are exposed. Also, the light weight of some hybrids may concern potential buyers who fear these types of cars would not fare well in a collision. Check out the safety rating of most hybrid cars here or review hybrid SUV safety here.

Other disadvantages, issues, potential problems, and drawbacks to hybrid vehicles include their lack of availability, slower acceleration, brake noise & feel, the fact that some may be "too quiet", and lack of choice – as most car models are not yet being built as hybrids.


10 Interesting Facts about Archangel Michael

1. The name Michael means, “Who is like God”. In the Bible he is called “one of the chief princes” (Daniel 10:13) and “the great prince” (Daniel 12:1).

2. Michael is usually shown with a sword, or carrying the scales of justice. Renaissance paintings show him wearing armor. These symbolize his strength, courage, truth and integrity. Michael is engaged in a ceaseless war against the forces of evil. His most famous example of this occurred when he cast Lucifer and his followers out of Heaven.

3. According to the apocryphal Book of Adam and Eve, Michael kept a close eye on the couple after they were expelled from the Garden of Eden. He taught Adam how to farm, and persuaded God to allow Adam’s soul to return to Heaven after he died.

4. An ancient tradition says Michael told Sarah, Abraham’s wife, that she would bear a son. Although not mentioned by name, it is believed that Michael was the “angel of the Lord” who stopped Abraham from sacrificing his son, Isaac (Genesis 22:10).

5. Michael guides departed souls to the next world. This came about because, according to the Testament of Abraham, Michael told Abraham he was about to die. Abraham asked God if he could see all the wonders of the world so that he could die with no regrets. Michael developed his guiding expertise by taking Abraham on a tour of the inhabited world. Afterwards, he took Abraham home to prepare for his death.

6. Michael is believed to have rescued Daniel from the lion’s den. It is also believed that he was responsible for the plague on Egypt that ultimately led the Israelites to freedom. It was probably Michael who appeared to Joshua and called himself “captain of the host of the Lord.” (Joshua 5:13-15) Michael also appeared to Gideon and gave him the courage to fight his foes (Judges 6:11-18).

7. In the Islamic tradition, Mika’il (Michael) is in charge of the forces of nature, and has an army of angels to help him. He has magnificent wings of green topaz. Mika’il has a million tongues, each of which can speak a million languages. His long saffron hair reaches to his feet, and each hair contains a million faces. Each face contains a million eyes that cry seventy thousand tears. He takes life seriously and never laughs.

8. Joan of Arc (c.1412-1431) began hearing, and ultimately seeing, Michael at the age of thirteen. He gave her constant encouragement, and even suggested the flag she should use when leading her army.

9. Pope Leo XIII wrote a famous prayer that starts: “St. Michael, the Archangel, Defend us in battle, Keep us safe from the wickedness and snares of the devil.” He wrote this after a vision in which he saw Michael sending Satan back to hell. This prayer still provides comfort to many people.

10. Between 1961 and 1965, the Virgin Mary appeared several times to four children in Garabandal, Spain, telling them to change their way of life, make penances and attend church more frequently. Four years later, Michael appeared to the children and repeated the message. He also told them that if they prayed sincerely, they would receive whatever it was they prayed for.



Source by Richard Webster

Facts About Squamous Cell Lung Cancer

Carcinomas of the lungs are divided into non small-cell (NSCLC) and small-cell (SCLC) types. A form of NSCLC, squamous lung cancer begins in the squamous cells found in the tissue lining of the airways. The location of the malignancy presents particular obstacles to treatment.

Signs and Symptoms

Squamous cell is closely associated with cigarette smoking, as are most types of lung carcinomas. It is also known as epidermoid carcinoma. Malignant cells tend to grow in the main bronchi where the trachea and lungs meet. As with other types of NSCLC, squamous cell grows slowly. Symptoms of coughing up blood or developing hoarseness in the voice are related to this form of cancer.

Cancers close to the airways can cause additional symptoms such as ‘pancoast syndrome’. This problem is signified by pain radiating down the arm from the shoulder, prickly sensations in the fingers and hands, or ‘Horner’s Syndrome’ which causes a droopy eyelid. Hypercalcemia is another possible side effect of squamous cell carcinoma. This symptom elevates calcium levels causing weakness and cramping muscles.

Diagnostic Methods

During a routine physical examination, chest x-rays which show abnormalities will be investigated for cancer. A sputum cytology performed on a sample from the airways is effective for detecting cancer cells. Additional methods to confirm suspected cancer include chest x-rays using 3D imaging such as CT scans or PET scans. A biopsy sample will generally be taken to learn more about the malignant cells.

Diagnostic tests will determine the measurement of tumors, if the cells have metastasized and if the lymphatic system is now involved. A stage from 1a to 4 will be assigned based on evaluation of these factors. Treatment is then scheduled to cure the patient.

Treatments Options

A person with an early stage squamous-cell tumor has a good chance it can be removed with surgery. This chance is reduced if the tumor has grown to larger than 3 centimeters or is invading local organs or blood vessels. Doctors may use surgical resection combined with chemotherapy to cure the patient. Radiation doses may also be used to alleviate symptoms of the disease, especially in patients with advanced stage lung cancer.



Source by Paula Anfuso