Information Security Company – Offers Services to Ensure Data Safety and Security in Organizations

There are many dangers in the world of technology. The use of computers has increased tremendously, and users while looking at a website may not even realize that while opening a site, viruses or malware may be secretly inserted into their computers. Personal information also may get leaked or stolen. This can be prevented by using application security services and no attacks on the computer and the data and information secured gets hampered. Cross site scripting is used for circumventing the same origin policy and gaining access to sites. Hackers use this way to access information like credit card, personal information and much more creating havoc with the identity of a person.

Web application security ensures that the trust of customers is not lost and returns visitors increases in the number. If the customers come to know about the security laxity in a company, they may avoid associating themselves with the company in the future. This may harm the business substantially. It can also result in the non-compliance of security measures that are necessary for companies to follow when the company is dealing with the open web environment.

Any person or a company operating through the Internet platform needs to ensure safety and security of data and information which should be the biggest concern of an organization. Information security and its need are increasing day by day. Unauthorized access, data disclosure, data modification and data breaching can play havoc with the personal information or important data that are available in a computer. For any organization, information acts as a lifeline as most of the work is done using the online medium in this digital world. The reliability of this medium is necessary so that the crucial information of an organization does not fall in the wrong hands. If high quality information finds its way with the wrong people, the company can lose its reliability and credibility once and for all.

Besides usernames and passwords, the organization also needs to use layers of protection like Application Layer and Network Layer. If a proper information security system is not ensured in an organization, it can result in greater risk. Thus, more and more organizations are ensuring application services security measures thereby keeping their organization safe and secure.

Information Security Companies offers a wide range of services and measures that ensure that their client organizations and individual users do not face the embarrassment of a security breach and their trust is not broken.

Source by Anshul Srivastav

Favicons and Favicon Sizes

Favicons refer to icons that appear around the name of a site. They are usually in the favorites or bookmarks list. The Favicon ico images typically appear in a variety of sizes. They are commonly used in Windows operating systems to show images for various menu options and computer programs. Their popularity has increased because there are more sites that have started to display them. Unlike other formats, the ICO formats allow you to store several images in different color depths and sizes. This allows you to view programs in larger or smaller sizes even if your computer display has fewer colors. It is also possible to get an animated favicon on your site.

Why Use them?
There are various reasons why you should start using these icons on your computer. These include:
• To declutter your bookmarks list.
• To make your display stand out.

The Size
They can have multiple images that are in different sizes. The options available in terms of size include:
• 16×16
• 32×32
• 48×48
• 128×128

The location you intend to use to display your icon determines its display size. If you want it to be on the display bar, it will usually measure 16×16. Most browsers do this in order to save on space. This size is also common because it is the most suitable one for address input boxes. If the image is being displayed on the desktop, it will usually appear as a 32×32 image because this is the size that is configured for display icons. You can change the size by looking at the menu feature and choosing the icon size option. This means that the program that you use to display the icons will determine the colors and size of the images. To create an image with an appropriate size, you can use a favicon generator.

Generating from Pictures
It is possible to generate the images from pictures. You will get the images in both sizes but most of the programs resize them to 16×16.

Free Sites
There are various sites that allow you to generate the icons at no charge. It usually takes about a second to create an image on your machine. Once you have created one, you can get it to show on the desktop by uploading it to a major directory on the site.

Source by Ali Raza

Vocal Health Daily Regimen

Having a healthy voice should be a part of your every day routine. Just by taking better care of your voice you can greatly improve your vocal health. If you are having vocal problems and are experiencing fatigue and hoarseness regularly, please see a professional voice doctor right away. Catching problems early is the key to turning them around quickly.

1. Humidity is a singer’s best friend. The ideal humidity level for singers is 60%. Boiling one pot of water in a 600 sq. ft. apartment will usually reach 60% in 1 hour. For frequent travelers, run the shower in your hotel room every morning and evening for 20 minutes with the bathroom door open. You can also use a humidifier, but it must be on all the time (be sure to clean humidifiers every other day with water and vinegar as mold spores develop quickly). Get a humidity thermometer to read your levels.

2. Drink 8 -10 glasses of water per day to stay adequately hydrated (the equivalent of four 1 liter bottles).

3. Do not talk over loud music and try not to “glottal” (strike the vocal cords). Do not whisper as it strains the voice.

4. Do yoga (or stretches) and breathing exercises daily. Vocal problems come from deep contractions in the muscles of the neck, tongue, jaw, back, and diaphragm. A loose and limber body helps avoid injury.

5. I recommend going for massage 1 or 2x a week for the next month – have the masseuse focus on your stomach, ribs, abs and neck/ shoulders/upper back/jaw/throat as well as all over body. With my students, I provide vocal massage sessions to release the jaw, tongue, throat/vocal muscles and neck and upper back and diaphragm – and teach singers self massage to help them stay free of tension as much as possible.

6. Acupuncture for the voice reaps great results. Acupuncture works on the central nervous system and energy centers of the body to get your natural healing energy flowing. Once or twice a week treatments are very helpful in restoring vocal health.

7. Do speaking exercises to find your optimal voice placement. And be sure to warm up and cool down before and after performances every time to avoid vocal wear and tear.

8. Stay away from smoky environments and use Vocal Eze Throat Spray 3-4x per day (endorsed by tons of rock stars). Spray 5-6 times at the back of the throat, tip head back and let it stay for a few moments before swallowing.

9. Gargle with warm salt water daily; use Neil Med saline rinse every day as well (available at most drug stores); and drink Throat Coat tea (available at health food stores).

10. Steam 3x a day – breathe in hot water/steam for 10min

11. Consume foods with a high water content:

a. Fruits and Veggies: Watermelon, cantaloupe, honeydew melon, papaya, strawberries/ blueberries (all berries), romaine lettuce, celery, water chestnuts, bok-choy, carrot/celery juice, etc., b. Salads are your new BF. Salads should be your main meal twice a day. Fresh foods have living enzymes and high nutritional content. Great for staying healthy and avoiding acid reflux and digestive disorders. c. Soups with broth base (no tomato or cream). d. Stop eating all fried foods (for at least one month), no citrus, no peppermint, chocolate or marinara sauce.

12. Take whole food supplements daily – Take:

a. A daily vitamin ~ most important! b. Favorite Flora will help reverse acid reflux c. Perilla Sinus is the best supplement on the market for folks with allergies.

13. Natural medicine:

a. Homeopathy ~ Take Sore Throat/Hoarseness (homeopathic name is Roxalia) – by Boiron. This remedy reduces inflammation at the vocal folds. Take 3 days on 5 days off until symptoms subside. b. Herbs & Supplements c. Take Crystalline, non-acidic Vitamin C Powder daily. Take one heaping teaspoon in a 1/2 glass of juice daily. d. Stay healthy with Thieves lozenges and mouthwash and by using Oscillicoccinum and Coldcalm at the first sign of infection.

14. Get 8-9 hours of sleep every night. Sleep is the way your body and mind recharge and rejuvenate. Without sleep, a singer’s voice is always tired which is a sure thing for vocal problems. If you have trouble sleeping, I do not recommend a pharmaceutical solution. Try melatonin right before bed. Usually does the trick. For a milder approach try a cup of chamomile tea or 10-15 drops of valerian root (herbal tincture) in water. A bath before bedtime and/or breathing exercises for 10 minutes will also help you drift off to sleep more easily.

15. Stay Away From:

a. Sugar

b. All fried foods

c. Citrus

d. Caffeine

e. Carbonated beverages ~ all soda and sparkling water

f. Ibuprofen

g. Peppermint

h. Cooked tomato sauce (marinara)

i. White flour (including white rice and pasta, pastries etc.)

j. Alcohol

k. Smoke

A note about pharmaceutical medicine:

Personally I do NOT take pharmaceutical medicine of any kind unless it is an emergency. For those of you who need medication, I don’t recommend immediately going off your medication. I do however recommend getting into health by reading books and educating yourself. Supplement your daily nutrition with whole food supplements and use products without chemicals to get your body back in balance. Natural medicines like homeopathy and herbs are extremely effective along with eating more naturally. It may take longer than popping a pill, but will not create the toxicity/chemical overload you get from pharmaceutical meds. This does not suggest you stop taking medicine prescribed to you. Discuss alternative treatments with your doctor first and visit a qualified nutritionist or naturopath to get off medication long term.

Source by Cari Cole

Make Men Want You – 5 Things You Can Do to Make Any Man Want You

Love is hard and love can be brutal. Sometimes, we meet people that we feel are just meant for us. Every once in a while, you come across a person that makes you think, “If only we were together, it would be like magic”, and you get distraught because you discover the person of your dreams doesn’t share your feelings. Some say that you just can’t do anything about that but I, on the other hand, say you can. I will present 5 tips for you to Make Men Want You and have them eating out of the palm of your hand.

1. Provide No Burden of Happiness

If you want a man to want you, you need to make the man know that you are not totally dependent on him to make you happy. That’s an awful lot of pressure to put on someone. It is often hard enough to make ourselves happy. The burden of another person’s happiness is too heavy to carry. You need to show your man that you are capable of being happy whether he is in your life or not.

2. Prove Your Value

In order to make a man want you, you must first make him believe that having you in his life will improve the quality of it. He needs to know that you are of some value. An important lesson to learn is that, when you actively pursue a person romantically, you are lowering your value in the eyes of that person. It is human nature to think, when someone is pursuing us, that the pursuer is either desperate or lonely. Neither of which is very appealing. This is why the “playing hard to get” method has been so effective for decades. When someone is hard to get, it is naturally assumed that they are of greater value.

3. Make Him Think Your Time Is Precious

If you want to make a man want you, you are going to have to do something that may seem counter-productive to your ultimate goal. You’re going to need to resist all urges to spend every waking moment in his presence. In order to increase your value to him, the time you spend with him will need to be scarce, as you need to make him know that you have a life and it does NOT revolve around him. If you have any knowledge about the male ego, you know that this is a terrific little trick. In his mind, the time you’re not spending with him is time spent with another man. Competition. This will make him want you. Make him feel as if he must “win” you away from his competitor. He can’t help it. Each time you get with him, he will appreciate it more because he knows that you have others lying in the weeds, waiting for him to fail so they can pounce on you. It may or may not be true, but when your not available all of the time, the man you want will think this way. Again, he can’t help it.

4. Give The Phone A Chance To Recharge

I know you’re crazy about the guy but, for crying out loud, give the phone a break! Avoid calling him all day long. This will KILL any attraction he has towards you. If you’re already involved with him, it’s okay to call him once or twice a day but, if not, you want to avoid smothering him at all costs. Now, if you’ve obeyed the first 3 rules, he may call you 15 times a day. In this case, you are going to want to keep the conversations as brief as possible because, remember, your time is precious. It wouldn’t be a bad idea to actually ignore some of his calls as well. This creates that awesome attraction builder called mystery. If you aren’t there, at his every beckon call, he will wonder where you are, what you’re doing and, most importantly, who you’re doing it with. Mystery does awesome tricks with the imagination.

5. Occasionally Lose Interest

Again, this is another tactic that will play on the male ego. When a man feels as if someone of value is losing interest in him, he will do everything in his power to prove his worth to you. I realize that this particular rule is hard to follow, especially when your main goal is to make him want you but, in order to get him to want you, you must first understand how the male ego works.

The male ego is a pretty powerful tool that you can use to get what you want. It controls men to unbelievable lengths, and it you really want to make him want you, you are going to need to take full advantage of the edge it gives you. When you do it properly, in the end, he will think that you being together was his idea and desire all along and will appreciate you more than you will ever realize.

Source by Allen Joe

How To Stop Your Air Conditioner From Freezing Up


My air conditioner is freezing up almost daily. I’ve tried resetting the temperature and nothing seems to work. What would you suggest I to to stop my air conditioner from freezing?


There are several factors that could be the cause. The four main reasons for air conditioner freeze ups:

Refrigerant charge

Outdoor temperature

Insufficient air flow

Defective blower

You may have a low refrigerant charge which can cause the air conditioner to freeze up. The system needs to be charged correctly to enable it to work properly. You may have a leak in the refrigerant lines.

If the lines have been vibrating or rubbing other parts or objects the friction could cause a leak. In addition if there are loose fittings or weak solder joints it could be leaking from those areas. If you’ve determined the refrigerant lines are not leaking than it may just need to be recharged. If you don’t know how to recharge it you may need to contact a service technician.

In temperatures under 60 degrees outdoor air conditioning units tend not to function as well. When the temperature drops the system begins to not function properly and freeze ups can occur. The simplest method is to not use your unit when the temperature cools down and open your windows or doors. If that’s not a option you will probably need to have a ambient temperature control installed in your system.

The evaporator coils will become dirty over time. A dirty filter restricts the air flow making it lose air flow and eventually it becomes so slow that it freezes up, or at best, not cooling as well as it should. This results in dirty coils that will need to be cleaned. Depending on your air conditioner you may have to remove the coils to clean them. You should replace the AC filter yearly. For central air conditioning units another problem that occurs is when you have duct work that is undersized causing the unit to freeze up. If you feel that may be the problem you’ll need to consult a professional. Try replacing the filter first and it may do the trick.

Air conditioner freeze ups can occur when the blower is not running at the required speed and may need to be replaced.

These are the main reasons why air conditioners freeze up. If you’re lucky it may just be a dirty filter which you should be able to replace yourself.

Source by Jerry Holt

How to Make Time Pass Quickly on an Airplane

Air travel is one of the fastest, most efficient and safest forms of travel that man has developed. However, for most people, spending a few hours on a plane is a dull and boring experience. Knowing how to make time pass quickly on a plane will benefit you both physically and mentally. The long tedious and monotonous flight time along with the endless humming of the engine and other audible ambient noises can render a person on a plane bored and exhausted.

Making time pass quickly on an airplane is not as complicated as it sounds. Knowing how to make time pass by will make your trip much more bearable. Most people just try to sit still and be quiet, but to be honest; that only makes things more unbearable and time pass even slower. It would also contradict our first tip on how to make time pass quickly on an airplane, which is:

1. Stop watching the clock. Watching the clock and minding the time will only make you count more sheep and exhaust you unnecessarily. Checking the time frequently will only make the time pass by slower on an airplane. As the saying goes “a watched clock never moves”

2. Another small but great idea when making time pass quickly on a plane is deep breathing, as most people with any kind of medical know-how would suggest. It’s probably the most common health advice in the hospital besides “drink lots of water”. Breathing shallow and quickly tricks our bodies into thinking that time is moving more slowly. So breathe deeply and let time pass quickly.

3. Other than ignoring the slowness of time, a great technique for making time pass faster on an airplane is making conversation with the people seated next to you. Making good conversation not only makes time pass quicker it also opens up opportunities to meet new people and make new friends. It’s a win-win deal.

4. Sleep is probably more of common sense than advice but it is nevertheless worth mentioning. Sleep will not only help you make pass time longer in an airplane but also prepare you and rejuvenate your mind and body for the activities you may have planned upon arrival in your destination.

5. You can’t sleep? Well then maybe some soothing music can help you get to sleep and make the time pass quickly while on the plane. Music has proven to make boring and exhausting flights much more bearable. It is no secret that music can affect our mood. So it’s probably wise when trying to make time pass quicker while on a plane to play a music genre that has that relaxing effect on you.

6. In this day and age, everything we need can probably in your pocket. If you have your hand-held gaming device with you, you can spend the time playing and actually enjoy this spare time. This is also a great option for those restless kids. These games can work wonders on kids, keeping them focused and, more importantly, quiet and occupied.

7. Portable computers such as laptops also give you something to do to pass the time while on a long flight. Most modern airplanes even have power sources for recharging and wireless internet available and we all know what the internet means. The internet is the best cure for boredom and will definitely make your flight much more bearable.

8. In-flight movies are also available on most airplanes, if you are lucky enough you might find the screening movie to be of your liking, which will probably render at least 2 hours off your flight wait. Nowadays, many planes allow you to choose from a selection of movies that will play in your own personal screen, located in the seat back in front of you. Just like watching a movie at home, in-flight movies are sure to help make time pass quicker during a long airplane flight.

9. On a long quiet flight, there is nothing more entertaining than reading a good book. Now, it doesn’t even have to be a physical book; you can read e-books on your phone or other handheld device. Some people enjoy reading newspapers, magazines or comics to pass the time on a plane. There really is no better way to pass the time on an airplane than by reading a great book!

Source by Kathy Adrian

These 10 iPhone Tricks Will Save Your Life!

iPhone is an incredible machine,but when everything goes wrong it’s hell. Here are some tips, that will help you solve the most common problems.

1) I lost all my contacts!

Re-import those who are in the SIM card. Go to: Settings / Mail, Contacts, Calendars / Import SIM Contacts.

2) My touchscreen is crashing for no reason!

It might be the case that your touchscreen might act out and not let you start apps. This is caused by the proximity sensor. The sensor is malfunctioning, and is wrongly detecting the phone as always being in call mode. You must tap the phone at the top left side of the device. Restart the iPhone and voila!

3) My iPhone fell into water

First thing you need to do is turn it off. You must then wait until all water has evaporated before turning it back on. Speeding the process up by using a hairdryer is not recommended. You should rather leave your phone in a warm room, with a temperature not exceeding 40 Celsius degrees. After a day or two, you can try turning it back on. If the water in question is pure, the odds of your phone working are higher. An iPhone that falls in seawater is less likely to work again.

4) How to recover a completely crashed iPhone?

Switch to DFU mode. Connect the iPhone to the computer and start iTunes. Press and hold the main button-Home button-and the “On/Off” button for 10 seconds.

After these 10 seconds, release the “On/Off” button but keep holding the main button until iTunes displays that it has detected an iPhone in recovery mode. You should then release the main button. To exit DFU mode, disconnect the iPhone and press the “On/Off” button to restart it.

5) What to do when your iPhone screen is blocked?

Some users have their very own solution: “tap 3 fingers on your screen for 2 or 3 consecutive times, but not too hard.”

6) I lost my apps after an update!

Open iTunes, connect your iPhone, click the “File” menu and transfer your purchases.

7) The “Home” button doesn’t work anymore!

Try calibrating your “Home” button.

Open an app-doesn’t matter which one- then press the “On/Off” button until the “slide to power off” slider is displayed. Release the “On/Off” button, then press the “Home” button to return to the home screen.

This procedure calibrates the “Home” button. If the problem persists, it could be a hardware issue, resulting from dust inside your phone for example.

8) My iPhone won’t turn on!

Try resetting it. Press and hold the “On/Off” button and the “Home” button for a few seconds until you see the Apple logo. It could be that your battery is drained. So before that, recharge or connect you iPhone.

9) Ever since I installed iOS 5.0.1, my iPhone keeps rebooting, what can I do?

Remove the SIM card from your phone. Activate 3G and Cellular Data and reinsert the SIM card.

10) I can’t connect to the internet, weird uncontrollable issue!

In iOS4, there are some wifi connectivity problems where certain conditions apply. If, after having tried the solutions put forward in this chapter, you still encounter the issues, you must update the phone. These problems were solved by Apple with the iOS5 update. Updating your system is therefore a more reliable solution.

Source by Romuald Jay

SodaStream Tips and Tricks

SodaStream home soda makers are gaining popularity all the time. Here I address some of the most common questions and issues that arise when using a SodaStream for the first time.

Cold water holds gas better than warm water, which is why SodaStream recommends always using cold, refrigerated water when carbonating. The problem is that different refrigerators are different temperatures. So one person may be using water that is 36 degrees while another is using water that is 45 degrees. You will run into troubles carbonating water that is under 40 degrees. The water and CO2 will freeze at the tip causing a blockage that will prevent your water from carbonating. Those who keep their refrigerators extra cold will want to use some room temperature water mixed in with the cold water. You are ideally looking for somewhere between 41 and 45 degrees. Not sure if this is a problem for you? Look at the tip of the SodaStream (the part that goes into the bottle) immediately after using it. You will see very small bits of white ice in this area if the temperature of your water was too low.

The biggest complaint I hear is regarding the carbonation of juices. Many people don’t realize that you can only carbonate plain water with any home soda maker. The flavorings are added after carbonation. This means you can’t take pure fruit juices and carbonate them. Instead you must mix the carbonated water with the juice. This makes for a watered down juice that is not all that fizzy. It is hardly the tasty, healthy alternative to soda you want. Luckily, there is a very simple solution. Buy frozen juice concentrates at your local supermarket. Mix them with the carbonated water. This way, you are not diluting the juice flavor or the carbonation.

There is another option to get fruity flavors other than those offered by SodaStream. Flavored syrups, intended for pancakes or waffles, make a great flavor addition.

Many people want tonic water or club soda rather than plain sparkling water, especially when making alcoholic drinks. You can make club soda by simply adding pinch of salt to your carbonated water. Tonic water is a bit more complicated. It traditionally has quinine as well as a sweetener. Quinine is a bitter compound which is used to treat malaria. Most people don’t stock their pantry with this item. You can add a splash of bitters to the carbonated water to replace the quinine. Three tablespoons of agave syrup per liter mixes well and will give you the slight sweetness found in tonic water.

My next tip is for the small percentage of people who only drink one or two fizzy drinks per week. Soda flavors can easily be mixed in a glass rather than the bottle. This way, if the left-over water in the bottle goes flat, you can recharge it before mixing up your next glass.

I hope these tips and tricks help you get the most out of your SodaStream!

Source by Heather Krasovec

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Lithium-Ion Battery

The lithium-ion battery is one of the most popular choices for consumer and portable electronics. The high performance and fast recharge cycle also makes is a great choice for automobile, aerospace and military applications. Here are a few of the basic advantages of using the lithium-ion battery:

Compact size

The lithium-ion battery is smaller and lighter than most other types of rechargeable batteries in the market. The compact size makes is a popular choice for a wide range of electronic gadgets.

High-energy density

The high energy density of this type of battery makes it a very favorable choice compared to the alternatives. This means the battery has the ability to provide a lot of power without being large in size. The high energy is great for power-hungry gadgets like tablets, smartphones and laptops.

Low self-discharge

The lithium-ion battery has low self-discharge rate, which is estimated at about 1.5% per month. The slow rate of discharge means the battery has a long shelf life and the potential to be recharged and used a lot more often than other options. For instance, the metal-nickel hydride battery has a much faster self-discharge rate of about 20% per month.

Fast charge cycle

The fast charge cycle is a further reason for its great popularity in day-to-day electronics like phones and tables. The charge time is latterly a fraction of the alternative choices.

Long lifespan

The lithium-ion battery has the ability to complete hundreds of charge and discharge cycles. Over the battery’s lifespan, it is likely to see a reduction in capacity. For instance, after a total of 1000 cycles there is the risk of losing up to 30% of its capacity. However, the loss of capacity varies with the type and quality of the battery. The most advanced lithium-ion battery is more likely to hold full capacity until about 5000 charge-discharge cycles are complete.

Are there any disadvantages

In addition to the wide-ranging advantages of the lithium-ion battery, there are also a few disadvantages to note. A common issue is likely to relate to the cost. This type of battery is nearly 40% more expensive than its closest alternatives. A reason for the higher cost is the need to combine the battery with on-board computer circuitry to help control issues with current and voltage. Also, heat can be an issue. Any battery left or used in a high temperature environment will find the performance and quality of battery degrades faster.

Source by Leo Eigenberg

When Laptop Chargers Go Bad

In order to keep your laptop up and running in good condition, it is important to treat all pieces with care to instill that it operates for a longer time frame. This not only includes your laptop, but also the laptop charger. A laptop charger is more than just a cord to plug-in the wall but instead is a necessity to keep the computer and the battery life up so that your laptop will be charged and ready to use for work or play as needed.

Most laptop computers have two power sources: One is the battery and one is the electrical cord.

The electrical cord, however, is essential to providing power to the battery. Once the laptop is unplugged, the battery will start to wear down. The older the battery and laptop, the shorter the battery life is. In order to keep your computer from dying in the middle of a project or activity, a person must use their charger to charge the battery up too. A laptop charger typically also will operate a laptop even if the battery pack is removed. A charger will provide power to the laptop, it just will not recharge the battery if it is removed.

Typically a laptop charger consists of a cord that runs from a wall outlet to a power box and from the power box another cord runs that can be plugged into the back or side of the laptop computer. Typically most charger devices have power light indicators that tell if it is properly plugged in and working. The laptop desktop will typically have an icon that shows the battery level and will also show if it is plugged in to a charger, therefore increasing the battery life again.

If a laptop charger is broken or fries out after a long extended period of time, it is imperative to find a back up immediately. It will not take long for your battery to run down on your laptop, typically a few hours. Once the computer dies, there is no turning it back on without a laptop charger. Sometimes charger devices eventually just give out or something happens where the electrical cords are somehow broken inside the protective coating.

Depending on your type of laptop, it is essential to look around to find one that is compatible to your computer. You may have to contact your computer’s manufacturing brand to see if they have chargers that can be used with your computer. Otherwise, it is usually easier to conduct an online search to find one that is specific to your laptop brand and model. Depending on the chargers and the retailer, these can usually be found inexpensively. Sometimes, it is even nice to have a charger on hand just in case as a back up. When a laptop charger goes bad, it is not the end of the world unless you are someone who is constantly using your laptop computer to go online, or complete work or educational tasks and that is when you will wish you had a back up laptop charger.

Source by Divya Mishra